Texture in a garden can come from each element in it. Buildings fences, decks, patios, furniture, ornaments and plants each add texture to the garden. Design considers each of these elements and arranges them to complement each other while meeting the functional goals of the design. Some elements must be bold and/or large to establish focal points in the garden, while others must play supporting roles.
In gardens dominated by perennial plants, the plants trade off leading and supporting roles over the seasons. Trees and shrubs tend to have spring and fall leading roles, while flowering plants come forward in summer. Grasses and evergreens dominate in fall and winter. Each has their place in the during the growing season and each has a texture to lend to the drama of the plant palette.
Hardscape elements such as buildings, decks, patios and ornaments form the scenery of the play. They are large and constant and as such are important to the way the space functions. They play a major role in the texture of the design. Brick has a different texture than siding on a building. Patios have a wide variety of textures, depending on the materials used. Fences, arbors and pergolas come in many materials and styles, adding texture to the garden. Even garden ornaments add texture to the garden by their form and materials.